Gansu Uyghur Kingdom

Gansu Uyghur Kingdom
[[File:|250px|center|alt=|Location of Gansu Uyghur Kingdom]]
Capital Dunhuang
Languages Old Uyghur language
Religion Manichaeism
Government Monarchy
   Established c.848
   Disestablished 1036
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Uyghur Khaganate
Western Xia Dynasty
History of the Turkic peoples
Pre-14th century
Turkic Khaganate 552–744
  Western Turkic
  Eastern Turkic
Khazar Khaganate 618–1048
Xueyantuo 628–646
Great Bulgaria 632–668
  Danube Bulgaria
  Volga Bulgaria
Kangar union 659–750
Turgesh Khaganate 699–766
Uyghur Khaganate 744–840
Karluk Yabgu State 756–940
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212
  Western Kara-Khanid
  Eastern Kara-Khanid
Gansu Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036
Kingdom of Qocho 856–1335
Pecheneg Khanates
Kimek Khanate
Oghuz Yabgu State
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Seljuk Empire 1037–1194
  Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Kerait khanate 11th century–13th century
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Naiman Khanate –1204
Qarlughid Kingdom 1224–1266
Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526
  Mamluk dynasty
  Khilji dynasty
  Tughlaq dynasty
Golden Horde | [1][2][3] 1240s–1502
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517
  Bahri dynasty
  Ottoman Empire 1299-1923

The Gansu Uyghur Kingdom was established around 848, by the Uyghurs after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in 840.[4][5] The kingdom lasted from 848-1036; during that time, many of Gansu's residents converted to Buddhism.[6]

The Gansu area was, traditionally, a Chinese inroad into Asia. By the ninth century the Uyghurs had come to dominate the area, taking over from the Tibetan Empire. The area had become a "commercially critical region", making the Uyghur wealthy and cosmopolitan. By the early 11th century, they were in turn conquered by the Tangut people of the Western Xia Dynasty.[7]

Modern era

The modern day descendants of the Gansu Uyghur kingdom are known as Yugur.[8]

See also


  1. Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2006). Peoples of Western Asia. p. 364.
  2. Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (2007). Historic Cities of the Islamic World. p. 280.
  3. Borrero, Mauricio (2009). Russia: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present. p. 162.
  4. Peter B. Golden, Central Asia in World History, (Oxford University Press, 2011), 47.
  5. James A. Millward (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3.
  6. Manichaeism and Nestorian Christianity, H. J. Klimkeit, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol.4, Part 2, ed. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, M.S.Asimov, (Motilal Banarsidass, 2003), 70.
  7. Bell, Connor Joseph (2008). The Uyghur Transformation in Medieval Inner Asia: From Nomadic Turkic Tradition to Cultured Mongol Administrators. ProQuest. pp. 65–69. ISBN 9780549807957. Retrieved 21 December. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. Manichaeism and Nestorian Christianity, H. J. Klimkeit, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol.4, Part 2, 70

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