Hàm Nghi

Hàm Nghi
Emperor of Đại Nam

Emperor Hàm Nghi
Emperor of Nguyễn Dynasty
Reign 18841885
Predecessor Kiến Phúc
Successor Đồng Khánh
Born 3 August 1872
Huế, Việt Nam
Died 4 January 1943(1943-01-04) (aged 70)
Alger, Algérie, France
Burial Vigeois, Dordogne, France
Spouse Marcelle Laloe
Issue Nguyễn Phúc Như Mai
Nguyễn Phúc Như Lý
Nguyễn Phúc Minh Đức
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Lịch
Nguyễn Phúc Minh
House Nguyễn Dynasty
Father Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Cai, Prince of Kiên Thái
Mother Phan Thị Nhàn

Emperor Hàm Nghi (born Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Lịch, 3 August 1872 - 4 January 1943), was the eighth Emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty. He reigned for only one year (1884–85).[1]

On 4 July 1885, a nationwide insurrection against the French broke out under the leadership of the two regents Nguyễn Văn Tường and Tôn Thất Thuyết. The French stormed the palace and Tôn Thất Thuyết took Emperor Hàm Nghi and three empresses into hiding. Hàm Nghi went to the hills and jungles around Laos along with Tôn Thất Thuyết's force. While they waged guerrilla warfare against the French occupation forces, the French replaced Hàm Nghi with his brother, Đồng Khánh, who was enthroned as the Son of Heaven. In October 1888, after a series of setbacks, Hàm Nghi was hiding in an isolated house near the spring of the Nai river, with Tôn Thất Thiệp, the second son of Tôn Thất Thuyết, and only a few attendants.[2] There, he was betrayed by the head of his Muong guards, Trương Quang Ngọc, and captured on 1 November, while Thiệp was killed. He was then turned over to French officers on 2 November.[3]

On 12 December 1888, he was exiled to Algeria. There he married a French Algerian woman named Marcelle Laloë on 4 November 1904. They had three children, Prince Minh-Duc, Princess Nhu May and Princess Nhu Lý. He died in 1943 and was buried in Thonac cemetery, near Sarlat, Dordogne, France.

Wedding of Emperor Hàm Nghi in Algeria.

In 2002, Vietnam sent a delegation to France to seek permission from Princess Nhu Lý (Countess De La Besse, died 2005, in her 97th year) to move her father's remains to the former Imperial capital of Huế. Her family has presently refused.[4] Most cities in Vietnam, regardless of the political orientation of the government, have named major streets after him.[5]

Emperor Ham Nghi
Hàm Nghi
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Hàm Nghi
Birth name
Vietnamese alphabet Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Lịch
Hán-Nôm 𧰡

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emperor Hàm Nghi.


  1. Bruce M. Lockhart, William J. Duiker Historical Dictionary of Vietnam 2006 Page 150 "Hàm Nghi (1872-1943). Emperor (r. 1884—1885) of the Nguyén dynasty after establishment of the French protectorate in 1884. Brother of Emperor Kiến Phúc, ...
  2. Spencer Tucker -Vietnam - 1999 Page 36 "In july 1885 Vietnamese nationalists acting in the name of Emperor Hàm Nghi led a brief rebellion, launching a major attack on the French at the fort of Mang Cá near the capital. This failed, whereupon Hàm Nghi fled to Quang Tri Province and ..."
  3. Baille, 1890; Devillers, 1998, pp. 398–469; Gosselin, 1900, pp. 150–56; Gosselin, 1904.
  4. Nguyên Cao Duc, Georges. Un empereur aimé: Hàm Nghi 2007, p.5
  5. Vietnam Country Map. Periplus Travel Maps. March 2002. ISBN 0-7946-0070-0.


Preceded by
Emperor Kiến Phúc
Nguyễn Dynasty Succeeded by
Emperor Đồng Khánh
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/10/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.