Infosys Ltd
Traded as BSE: 500209
BSE SENSEX Constituent
CNX Nifty Constituent
Industry IT services, IT consulting
Founded 7 July 1981
Headquarters Electronic City, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Area served
Key people
Vishal Sikka (CEO & MD)
Services IT, business consulting and outsourcing services
Revenue Increase US$9.501 billion (2016)[1]
Increase US$2.375 billion (2016)[1]
Profit Increase US$2.052 billion (2016)[1]
Total assets Increase US$11.378 billion (2016)[1]
Total equity Increase US$9.324 billion (2016)[1]
Number of employees
199,829 (September 2016)[2]
Divisions Infosys BPO Limited
Lodestone Management Consultants

Infosys (formerly Infosys) is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services. It has the main headquarter in Bengaluru, Karnataka.[3]

Infosys is the third-largest Indian IT services company by 2016 revenues,[4] and the fifth largest employer of H-1B visa[5][6] professionals in the United States in FY 2013.[7] On 15 February 2015, its market capitalisation was 263,735 crores ($42.51 billion), making it India's sixth largest publicly traded company.[8][9][10]


Infosys was co-founded in 1981 by 7 Engineers N. R. Narayana Murthy, Nandan Nilekani, N. S. Raghavan, S. Gopalakrishnan, S. D. Shibulal, K. Dinesh and Ashok Arora after they resigned from Patni Computer Systems.[11][12] The company was incorporated as "Infosys Consultants Pvt Ltd." with a capital of 10,000 or US$250 (equivalent to about $652 in 2015) in Model Colony, Pune as the registered office.[13] It signed its first client, Data Basics Corporation, in New York City.[14] In 1983, the company's corporate headquarters was relocated from Pune to Bengaluru.[14]

Change in name: The Company changed its name to "Infosys Technologies Private Limited" in April 1992 and to "Infosys Technologies Limited" when it became a public limited company in June 1992. It was later renamed to "Infosys Limited" in June 2011.[15]

An initial public offer (IPO) in February 1993 with an offer price of 95 (equivalent to 480 or US$7.20 in 2016) per share against book value of 20 (equivalent to 100 or US$1.50 in 2016) per share. The Infosys IPO was under subscribed but it was "bailed out" by US investment bank Morgan Stanley which picked up 13% of equity at the offer price.[16] Its shares were listed in stock exchanges in June 1993 with trading opening at 145 (equivalent to 740 or US$11 in 2016) per share.[17]

In October 1994, it made a private placement of 5,50,000 shares at 450 (equivalent to 2,100 or US$31 in 2016) each against book value of 10 (equivalent to 46 or 68¢ US in 2016) per share to Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), Financial Institutions (FIs) and Corporates.[18]

In March 1999, it issued 2,070,000 ADSs (equivalent to 1,035,000 equity shares of par value of 10 (equivalent to 30 or 45¢ US in 2016) each) at US$34 (equivalent to $48.38 in 2015) per ADS under the American Depositary Shares Program and the same were listed on the NASDAQ National Market in US. The total issue amount was US$70.38 million.[19]

The share price surged to 8,100 (equivalent to 24,000 or US$360 in 2016) by 1999 making it the costliest share on the market at the time. At that time, Infosys was among the 20 biggest companies by market capitalization on the NASDAQ.[16]

During July 2003, June 2005 and November 2006, it made secondary ADS issues of US$294 (equivalent to $378.83 in 2015) million, US$1.07 (equivalent to $1.30 in 2015) billion and US$1.605 (equivalent to $1.89 in 2015) billion respectively.[20]

In December 2002, Infosys transferred the listing of its American Depositary Shares (ADS) from the NASDAQ to the NYSE.[21]

In July 2014, Infosys spun off a subsidiary, Edgeverve Systems Ltd., focusing on enterprise software products for business operations, customer service, procurement and commerce network domains.[22]

In August 2015, Finacle joins Edgeverve product portfolio.[23]

The credit rating of the company is A- (given by Standard & Poor's on 13-Dec-2013).[24] In February 2015, Infosys announced it would acquire the US automation technology company Panaya for around $200 million.[25]


Headquarters of Infosys in Bengaluru

On 15 January 2016, Infosys had 1,045 clients across 50 countries.[3][26]

Infosys has a global footprint with offices and development centres across the world.[27]

In 2012, Infosys announced a new office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to service Harley-Davidson, being the 18th international office in the United States.[28][29] Infosys hired 1,200 United States employees in 2011, and expanded the workforce by an additional 2,000 employees in 2012.[29]

Products and services

It provides software development, maintenance and independent validation services to companies in banking, finance, insurance, manufacturing and other domains.[30]

One of its known products is Finacle[31] which is a universal banking solution with various modules for retail & corporate banking.

Glass building in Pune campus


A building in Thiruvananthapuram campus
Shareholders (as on 31-Mar-2014) Shareholding[1]
Promoters group15.94%
Foreign Institutional Investors (FII)
Individual shareholders09.95%
Banks, Financial Institutions and Insurance Companies09.08%
Mutual Funds04.58%


Main block in Chennai campus
Infosys, Bengaluru

Infosys Foundation

Main article: Infosys Foundation

In 1996, Infosys established the Infosys Foundation, to support the underprivileged sections of society.[40] At the outset, the Infosys Foundation implemented many programs in Karnataka. It subsequently covered Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Punjab in a phased manner. A team at the Foundation identifies all the programs in the areas of Healthcare, Education, Culture, Destitute Care and Rural Development.[41]

Academic Entente

Infosys' Global Academic Relations team forges Academic Entente (AcE) with academic and partner institutions.[42] It explores co-creation opportunities between Infosys and academia through case studies, student trips and speaking engagements. They also collaborate on technology, emerging economies, globalization, and research. Some initiatives include research collaborations, publications, conferences and speaking sessions, campus visits and campus hiring.[43]

Infosys Labs

Infosys Labs is organized as a global network of research labs and innovation hubs.[44]

Infosys Labs collaborates with leading national and international universities such as the University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering,[45] University of Cambridge, Queens University of Belfast,[46] University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, IITB-Monash Research Academy, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Purdue University,[47] Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore.[48]

Infosys Prize

The Infosys Prize is an annual award given to scientists, researchers, engineers and social scientists connected to India. It is given by the Infosys Science Foundation, a non-profit trust which was set up in February 2009 by Infosys and some members of its Board. The prize is given under six categories. Each category includes a gold medallion, a citation certificate, and prize money of Rs. 65 Lakh.[49][50]


The Development Center in Mysuru campus

Infosys has a total of 193,383 employees as of 15 January 2016, of which 35% were women. Its workforce consists of employees representing 122 nationalities working from 32 countries (37 countries as per the base location). Out of its total workforce, 93.8% are software professionals, 17% are working in its BPO arm and remaining 6% work for support and sales.[26] The attrition rate of Infosys Ltd., excluding its subsidiaries, for 12 months ending 30 September 2015, was 14.2%. And following the annual hike for employees during 2015-16, the attrition rate is likely to increase.[26]

During FY 2014-15, Infosys received 1,519,678 applications from prospective employees and had a gross addition of 53,386 employees.[51]

Training centre in Mysuru

As the world's largest corporate university, the Infosys global education centre in the 337 acre[52] campus has 400 instructors and 200 classrooms,[53] with international benchmarks at its core. Established in 2002, it had trained around 125,000 engineering graduates by June 2015.[53] It can train 14,000 employees at a given point of time on various technologies.[54][55]

The Infosys Leadership Institute (ILI), based in Mysuru, has 96 rooms and trains about 400 Infoscians annually.[55]

In addition to above, Infosys Training Center in Mysuru also provides number of extra curricular facilities like Tennis,Badminton,Basketball,Swimming pool,Gym etc.

List of CEOs

Vishal Sikka is the CEO and MD of Infosys. Prior to joining Infosys, Dr. Sikka was a member of the Executive Board of SAP AG and the Global Managing Board, leading all SAP products and innovation globally. He took over from S.D. Shibulal, one of the founders, on 1 August 2014.[56] He was inducted as a whole-time director of the Board and CEO & MD (Designate) of Infosys on 14 June.[57] He receives $5.08 Million (30 Crores) and stock options worth $2 million as annual compensation.[58]

Name Period
N. R. Narayana Murthy 1981 to March 2002
Nandan Nilekani March 2002 to April 2007
S Gopalakrishnan April 2007 to August 2011
S D Shibulal August 2011 to July 2014
Vishal Sikka August 2014 to date[59]

Awards and recognitions


Accusation of visa fraud

In 2011, Infosys was accused of committing visa fraud by using B-1 (visitor) visas for work requiring H-1B (work) visas. The allegations were initially made by an American employee of Infosys in an internal complaint. He subsequently sued the company, claiming that he was harassed and sidelined after speaking out. Although that case was dismissed,[64] it along with another similar case,[65][66][67] brought the allegations to the notice of the US authorities — and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and a federal grand jury started investigating.[68]

In October 2013, Infosys agreed to settle the civil suit with US authorities by paying US$34 million.[69] Infosys refused to admit guilt and stressed that it only agreed to pay the fine to avoid the nuisance of 'prolonged litigation'.[70] In its statement the company said "As reflected in the settlement, Infosys denies and disputes any claims of systemic visa fraud, misuse of visas for competitive advantage, or immigration abuse. Those claims are assertions that remain unproven".[71]

Allegation of language bias

In July 2014, former US employees of Infosys have filed a lawsuit against it for alleging discrimination because of their inability to communicate in Hindi. According to the lawsuit filed in the US District Court of Eastern District of Wisconsin, the former employees alleged that they were "excluded" from work conversations by their supervisors and co-workers who "regularly spoke in Hindi" in front of them. The case has been filed by Layla Bolten, Gregor Handloser and two more employees. Bolten was hired as a tester, while Handloser was hired by Infosys in 2004 as a sales manager.[72]

Displacement of American workers at Southern California Edison and Disney

In 2015, the Department of Labor investigated Infosys after claims were made that the company used workers with H-1B visas to replace workers at Disney and Southern California Edison. Florida Sen. Bill Nelson also asked the Department of Homeland Security to investigate reports of layoffs at Disney.[73]


Noteworthy sustainability practices

In 2015, the company joined RE100, a global group of companies that aims to generate their energy fully from renewable sources.[76] Infosys aims for this by 2018, and expects to go carbon neutral by the same year.[77][78]

See also


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