Kiến Phúc

For the fictional character, see Kien Phuc (Wild Cards).
Kiến Phúc
Emperor of Đại Nam
Emperor of Nguyễn Dynasty
Reign 18831884
Predecessor Hiệp Hòa
Successor Hàm Nghi
Born 12 February 1869
Died 31 July 1884(1884-07-31) (aged 15)
Burial Bồi Lăng
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng
Nguyễn Phúc Hạo
Posthumous name
Thiệu Đức Chí Hiếu Uyên Duệ Nghị Hoàng đế
Temple name
Giản Tông (簡宗)
House Nguyễn Dynasty
Father Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Cai, Prince of Kiên Thái
Mother Bùi Thị Thanh
Kiến Phúc
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Kiến Phúc

Kiến Phúc (12 February 1869 – 31 July 1884) was a child emperor of Vietnam who reigned for less than 8 months, 1883-1884, as the 7th emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty.


Born in 1869, also known as Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng, he was the nephew-turned-adopted son of Emperor Tự Đức. He reigned for 7 months and 29 days (2 December 1883 – 31 July 1884).

Birth name
Vietnamese alphabet Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng

Along with his cousin Dục Đức and brother Đồng Khánh, he had been taken in by Tự Đức who was unable to have children of his own. After the regicide of Emperor Hiệp Hoà, the court regents Tôn Thất Thuyết and Nguyễn Văn Tường acted quickly to install the fifteen-year-old prince as the new Emperor. Kiến Phúc was quickly enthroned on 1 December 1883 at five o'clock in the morning.

Emperor Kiến Phúc was often hampered by poor health and died in Kiến Thành Palace on July 31, 1884 - less than 8 months after ascending the throne. [1] His sudden death sparked rumors that the Emperor was poisoned by his adoptive mother, Tự Đức's Noble Consort Học phi and regent Nguyễn Văn Tường for he knew of their secret affair.[2]

Preceded by
Emperor Hiệp Hoà
Nguyễn Dynasty Succeeded by
Emperor Hàm Nghi


  1. (Vietnamese) Quốc sử quán triều Nguyễn (1976). Đại Nam Thực lục Chánh biên đệ Ngũ kỷ. Hà Nội: Publishing House of Social Sciences.
  2. Adolphe Delvaux (1941). Bulletin des Amis du Vieux Huế (in French). Huế.
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