In cricket, a batsman retires out if he retires without the umpire's permission, and does not have the permission of the opposition captain to resume his innings. This occasionally happens in friendly or practice matches, for instance English county sides against University Centres of Cricketing Excellence. Although it is not considered to be a dismissal in the context of a cricket match, it is considered a dismissal for the purposes of calculating a batting average.
Only two batsmen have retired out in international cricket. These are Sri Lankans Marvan Atapattu and Mahela Jayawardene, who were called in by captain Sanath Jayasuriya during a Test match against Bangladesh at Colombo in September 2001 after making 201 and 150 respectively. Jayasuriya faced criticism from the Sri Lankan press after this incident, and there have been no instances since of a batsman in men's cricket leaving the field in this way, although Sri Lankan Dilani Manodara did retire out in a women's ODI cricket game in 2010. 
- ↑ "Wisden Almanack: Sri Lanka v Bangladesh, 2001". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- ↑ "1st ODI: West Indies Women v Sri Lanka Women at Basseterre, Apr 18, 2010 | Cricket Scorecard | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 6 September 2015.