Vienna Convention on Road Traffic

Convention on Road Traffic


Participation in the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic

  Signed and ratified
  Acceded or succeeded
  Abiding by treaty as a non-state-party

  Unable to sign

Signed 8 November 1968
Location Vienna
Effective 21 May 1977
Signatories 36
Parties 74[1]
Depositary UN Secretary-General
Languages English, French, Chinese, Russian and Spanish
Vienna Convention on Road Traffic at Wikisource

The Convention on Road Traffic, commonly known as the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, is an international treaty designed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by establishing standard traffic rules among the contracting parties. The convention was agreed upon at the United Nations Economic and Social Council's Conference on Road Traffic (7 October – 8 November 1968) and concluded in Vienna on 8 November 1968. It came into force on 21 May 1977. The convention has been ratified by 74 countries, but those who have not ratified the convention may still be parties to the 1949 Convention on Road Traffic. This conference also produced the Convention on Road Signs and Signals.

Cross-border vehicles

One of the main benefits of the convention for motorists is the obligation on signatory countries to recognize the legality of vehicles from other signatory countries. The following requirements must be met when driving outside the country of registration:

The United States and China are the most notable examples of non-signatory countries. Short-term tourists are not permitted to bring cars into China. All foreign-registered vehicles in China must display a Chinese vehicle registration plate.

The convention also addresses minimum mechanical and safety equipment needed to be on board and defines an Identification mark (Annex 4) to identify the origin of the vehicle.

Contracting Parties

The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic was concluded at Vienna on 8 November 1968. Since its entry into force on 21 May 1977, in signatory countries ("Contracting Parties") it replaces previous road traffic conventions, notably the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Traffic, in accordance with Article 48 of the Convention.

International conventions on transit transport

The broad objective of these International Conventions and Agreements, the depositary of which is the Secretary-General of the United Nations, is to facilitate international transport while providing for a high level of safety, security, and environmental protection in transport:[3]

See also


  1. "Status of 19. Convention on Road Traffic". United Nations. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  2. "Council Regulation (EC) No 2411/98". Council of the European Union. 3 November 1998.
  3. "Treaty Seminar Issues Note" (PDF). United Nations. 8 July 2004.
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